14 most common autoimmune diseases: Revealing the Body’s Complexities

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More than 100 autoimmune diseases have been discovered by researchers. Here are 14 additional typical ones.

Diabetes

autoimmune diseases , Diabetes

The hormone insulin is created by your pancreas and aids in controlling blood sugar levels. Your pancreas’s insulin-producing cells are destroyed when you have diabetes by your immune system.
The blood vessels and organs might become damaged by diabetes’ high blood sugar levels. This may apply to you:
1. heart
2. kidneys
3. eyes
4. nerves

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
autoimmune diseases, Rheumatoid arthritis

Your immune system targets your joints if you have RA. This results in symptoms that affect the joints, including:
1. swelling
2. warmth
3. soreness
4. stiffness
RA is more frequent than people are affected as they age, but it can also begin in your thirties. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, a disorder similar to this, can begin in childhood.

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Psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis

autoimmune diseases , Psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis

Skin cells multiplier when they are not needed and eventually shed. Skin cells multiply too quickly in psoriasis. Inflamed patches are created as the excess cells accumulate. Patches with silver-white plaque scales may appear red on lighter skin tones. Psoriasis can include purplish or dark brown scales on darker skin tones.

Up to 30% Many people who have psoriasis go on to acquire psoriatic arthritis. This may result in joint symptoms like:
1. swelling
2. stiffness
3. pain

Multiple sclerosis

autoimmune diseases, Multiple sclerosis

The myelin sheath, which surrounds nerve cells in your central nervous system, is harmed by multiple sclerosis (MS). Damage to the myelin sheath slows down the rate at which impulses go between your brain spinal cord and the rest of your body.

This harm may result in:
1. numbness
2. weakness
3. balance problems
4. difficulty walking
Different types of MS develop at various speeds. One of the most typical MS mobility concerns is difficulty walking.

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

autoimmune diseases, Systemic lupus erythematosus

Due to the typical rash it causes, doctors initially thought of lupus as a skin condition in the 1800s. However, the systemic type, which is the most prevalent, actually affects several organs. This may apply to your:

1. joint Organ
2. brain
3. Heart

Typical signs may include:
1. joints hurt
2. fatigue
3. rashes

Inflammatory bowel disease

autoimmune diseases, Inflammatory bowel disease

IBD refers to medical diseases that lead to intestinal wall lining inflammation. Different parts of your gastrointestinal (GI) tract are affected by various IBD types.
Any area of your GI tract, including the anus and the mouth, can become inflamed by Crohn’s disease.
The rectum and colon’s lining are both impacted by ulcerative colitis.

IBD symptoms frequently include:
1. diarrhea
2. abdomen ache
3. bleeders on the ski

Addison’s disease

autoimmune diseases, Addison’s disease

Addison’s disease has an effect on the adrenal glands, which produce androgen hormones as well as cortisol, aldosterone, and other hormones. Low cortisol levels may affect how your body uses and stores carbohydrates and sugar (glucose). Aldosterone deficiency can result in significant potassium and salt loss in the blood.

Common indications and symptoms of Addison’s disease include:
1. weakness
2. fatigue
3. thin out
4. low blood sugar

Graves’ disease

autoimmune diseases, Graves’ disease

Your thyroid gland in your neck is attacked by Graves’ disease, which causes it to overproduce hormones. The body’s metabolism—or how it uses energy—is governed by thyroid hormones.
When you have too much of these hormones, your body works harder and you may have symptoms like:
1. (Tachycardia) a quick heartbeat
2. heat sensitivity
3. unintended loss of weight
4. Goiter, is a swelling of the thyroid gland
Graves’ dermopathy and Graves’ ophthalmopathy are additional symptoms that some persons with Graves’ illness may encounter.

Sjogren’s disease

autoimmune diseases, Sjogren’s disease

This illness affects the glands that lubricate your tongue and eyes.
Dry mouth and eyes are the typical signs of Sjogren’s illness, however your skin or joints may also be affected.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

autoimmune diseases, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

Thyroid hormone production decreases to a deficit in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Typical signs of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis include the following:
1. gaining weight
2. Cold sensitivity
3. fatigue
4. hair fall
5. thyroid enlargement (goiter)

Myasthenia gravis

autoimmune diseases, Myasthenia gravis

Nerve impulses that assist the brain control muscles are impacted by myasthenia gravis. When the nerves and muscles are unable to communicate, signals cannot trigger the muscles to contract.
Muscle weakness is the most typical sign. Activity may make it worse, and rest may make it better. Having weak muscles can have an impact on:
1. eyes moving
2. eyes open and closed
3. swallowing
4. facial gestures

Celiac disease

autoimmune diseases, Celiac disease

Foods containing gluten, a protein present in wheat, rye, and other grain products, are off-limits to those who have celiac disease. When gluten is present in the small intestine, the immune system targets and inflames this area of the GI tract.
After consuming gluten, those who have celiac disease may develop digestive problems. Some symptoms include:
1. vomiting
2. diarrhea
3. constipation
4. the abdomen bleeds

Around 1% of the world’s population is believed to have celiac disease, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

Autoimmune vasculitis

autoimmune diseases, Autoimmune vasculitis

When your immune system targets blood vessels, autoimmune vasculitis develops. Your arteries and veins become more constricted as a result of the ensuing inflammation, which reduces blood flow through them.

Pernicious anemia

autoimmune diseases, Pernicious anemia

Pernicious anemia can occur when your body doesn’t create enough of a substance called intrinsic factor as a result of an autoimmune illness. The quantity of vitamin B12 your small intestine absorbs from food is diminished if you have a shortage in this component. A low red blood cell count may result from it.

You’ll get anemia if you don’t get enough of this vitamin, and your body won’t be able to properly synthesize DNA.
It may result in symptoms like:
1. fatigue
2. weakness
3. headaches
Ages 60 to 70 are the average onset years for this uncommon autoimmune diseases.

FAQS

What are the top 10 most common autoimmune diseases?
diabetes type 1. The hormone insulin is created by your pancreas and aids in controlling blood sugar levels, RA is a kind of arthritis, Psoriatic arthritis with psoriasis, multiple sclerosis.
SLE, or systemic lupus erythematosus, Bowel inflammation illness, Addison’s illness and Graves’ illness.
How do you test for autoimmune disease?

Antinuclear antibody (ANA) tests are one type of test that may be used to determine the presence of an autoimmune illness, testing for autoantibodies, White blood cell differential in a complete blood count (CBC with WBC differential) thorough metabolic panel CRP or C-reactive protein, ESR or erythrocyte sedimentation rate Urinalysis.

How do you know if someone has autoimmune diseases?

What Are Some Typical Autoimmune Diseases Symptoms?
Fatigue is one of the autoimmune disease’s typical signs, inflammation and joint discomfort, Skin conditions, digestion problems or pain in the abdomen, persistent fever and enlarged glands.

Can autoimmune diseases be cured?

In general, autoimmune diseases cannot be treated, but they can frequently be managed. Anti-inflammatory medications have historically been used as therapies to lessen pain and inflammation. To lessen inflammation, use corticosteroids.

What blood test confirms autoimmune diseases?

Tests for Autoimmune Diseases in the Blood are C-reactive protein (CRP) blood tests for autoimmune diseases ESR, or Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, ANA: antinuclear antibodies, Ferritin, ELISA stands for Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, RF (Rheumatoid Factor) antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP) and Immunoglobulins.

What is the best medicine for autoimmune diseases?

General immune suppressants and steroids for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Examples include dexamethasone, prednisone, methylprednisolone, Colchicine, Plaquenil (hydroxichloroquine), Sulfasalazine, Dapsone, Methotrexate, Cellcept, Myfortic) contains mycophenolate mofetil and Imuran (azathioprine)

What is the latest treatment for autoimmune diseases?

A medicine named LY3361237, which can lessen the immune system’s damaging activity to help cure autoimmune illnesses, has disclosed the structure and function of its chemical makeup, according to researchers from Sanford Burnham Prebys and Eli Lilly and Co.

Can antibiotics cure autoimmune diseases?

There is evidence that some autoimmune illnesses can be cured or prevented by eliminating bacterial infections. Acute rheumatic fever, which manifests several weeks after infection with group A Streptococcus, is one of the most well-known cases.

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